The nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers - the US, UK, Russia, France, China, and Germany calls upon Iran not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles created to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using such ballistic missile technology.
"I am waiving the application of certain nuclear sanctions, but only in order to secure our European allies' agreement to fix the awful flaws of the Iran nuclear deal", Mr. Trump said.
Despite his hatred of the Iran nuclear deal, President has left the accord intact for now - but has given European allies 120 days to agree to a new deal or the U.S. will pull out. "Fourth, the legislation must explicitly state in United States law - for the first time - that long-range missile and nuclear weapons programmes are inseparable, and that Iran's development and testing of missiles should be subject to severe sanctions".
A lingering question is whether President Trump will formally certify Iranian compliance with the terms of the nuclear deal, something he declined to do at the time of his previous review in October.
KELEMEN: No. You know, there are all sorts of other sanctions on Iran. Trump has repeatedly criticized the accord, while Iran has accused the US of failing to comply with it.
This would not entail negotiations with Iran, the official said, but rather would be the result of talks between the United States and its European allies.
Trump, the same day he waived the nuclear sanctions, imposed new sanctions on Iran for its human rights abuses and its military adventurism.
The United States has sanctioned around 100 individuals and entities involved with Iran's ballistic missile program and other activities which the United States saw as "illicit", according to Trump's statement on Friday.
JCPOA critics worry that Europe is growing too reluctant to sanction or even strongly criticize Iran for matters unrelated to nuclear weapons, such as its support for terrorism or its human rights violations because the nuclear deal must be preserved at all costs.
Sorting out the myriad sanctions requires "a team of lawyers", said Alex Vatanka of the Middle East Institute in Washington.
It means the theater of Trump and Iran will continue for another few months.
The US Congress has a need of the president to endorse sanctions waivers concerning to the pact which is signed by Iran, the US, United Kingdom, Russia, France, Germany, China and the European Union.
However, the United States imposed fresh sanctions on 14 individuals and entities over alleged human rights abuses. "He wants to deny Iran access to nuclear weapons forever and not just for 10 years", one of the officials said. The deal, negotiated by the Obama administration is centered exclusively on the Iranian's nuclear weapons program.
Under US law, the president is required to renew the waiver on sanctions every 120 days.
On Friday, President Donald Trump waived economic sanctions on Iran, the second time he's issued a sanctions waiver under a 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and major world powers.
Trump said:"This is the last chance".
The changes Trump has demanded include immediate inspections at all sites requested by the International Atomic Energy Agency; ensuring that Iran never even comes close to possessing a nuclear weapon; automatic resumption of USA sanctions if Iran does not comply and Iran's development and testing of missiles should be subject to severe sanctions. One official said the actions "will send a very strong message that the United States is not going to tolerate their continued abuses".