The 32-year-old Bayern Munich star is one of four goalkeepers named by head coach Joachim Loew, who will have to cut four names when the final 23-man squad is submitted for the World Cup finals, which start on June 14 in Russian Federation.
Gotze, 25, was not one of the names inlcuded on Germany's 27-man provisional World Cup roster.
The squad consists of 18 players from the Bundesliga, 2 from La Liga, 4 from the EPL, 2 from Ligue 1 and 1 from Serie A.
It is the first time the 29-year-old has been picked for Germany's senior squad.
Goalkeepers: Manuel Neuer (Bayern), Marc-André ter Stegen (Barcelona), Bernd Leno (Bayer Leverkusen), Kevin Trapp (PSG).
"To work with the best players in Germany, then develop them and to make them better, to form a team that sets the highest goals, this is what drives and still gives me joy".
Bayer Leverkusen's Julian Brandt and Leon Goretzka, who will join Bayern from Schalke in the summer, are budding stars tipped to make a name for themselves on the global stage as well.
Neuer returns to the worldwide fold despite missing most of Bayern's latest title-winning campaign with a broken foot, though Arsenal defender Shkodran Mustafi and Liverpool midfielder Emre Can are among those to miss out along with Gotze.
While most fans will be content with MATS starting, Neuer is more critical to the core of the team as captain, and that will play a major role in the decision.
The Germans battle Mexico in the group stage at 11 a.m. on June 17 at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, Russia.
Low's backroom team of Thomas Schneider, Andreas Kopke, Oliver Bierhoff and Marcus Sorg have also all extended their contracts.