Syphilis and gonorrhoea up by one-fifth


New figures show there were a total of 7,137 cases of syphilis in 2017 - an increase of 20% from the previous year and more than double what was recorded in 2012.

In a report Public Health England said the impact of STIs remains greatest in young people aged 15 to 24, especially among gay men and among black and minority ethnic populations.

Gonorrhea and syphilis are sweeping over England as the country sees an alarming rise in sexually transmitted infections in the past year.

Public health officials are often unable to investigate STIs because cases may not be able to give a name or address of exposed partners, and the number of partners people may have has increased. In Australia, syphilis cases increased by 107% and gonorrhea increased by 63% between 2011 and 2016.

The case was linked to travel to south-east Asia, but Public Health England has reminded Global Positioning System to refer all suspected cases of gonorrhoea to specialist sexual health services (SHS). Infection rates for all three STIs have increased each year for the past three years in the USA, according to Marion County Health Officer Dr. Karen Landers.

Increases have been seen in case numbers for chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes and syphilis - for which there has been a 28% rise in new diagnoses from 161 in 2016 to 206 in 2017.

More than 400,000 new diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections were made in England past year, with cases of syphilis and gonorrhoea on the rise according to official figures.

It follows the first case of gonorrhoea highly resistant to the two types of antibiotics used to treat it being recorded in the United Kingdom in March. The agency also reported a notable decline in testing for chlamydia, which is the most common sexually transmitted infection.

She added: "Government must reverse cuts to councils' public health grants because we can not tackle this by stretching services even thinner".

"Most worryingly, that includes a 61% drop in chlamydia testing in sexual and reproductive health services in just two years".

"A reduced ability to identify, test and treat exposed people means they may be unaware of their infection and could be spreading it to others", Landers said. The recommendations state that all young women should be tested for chlamydia when they access contraception.

Dr Gwenda Hughes, Consultant Scientist and Head of Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Section at PHE, said, "Sexually transmitted infections pose serious consequences to health - both your own and that of your current and future sexual partners". She explains that there is a high risk of infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease and danger to the unborn babies.