New sexually transmitted infections could make women infertile

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Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is a rare but prevalent sexually transmitted infection, the incidences of which is increasing day by day. This is reported by foreign media.

Huffington Post UK reports the British Association of Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) wants the public and healthcare providers to be aware of MG because it's not one of the infections sexual health officials commonly test for and, if untreated, it can lead to serious and lasting problems, especially in women.

Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is common in both men and women and may even cause infertility in women. The disease can be transmitted through unprotected sex, say doctors.

MG now affects one in 100 people and if untreated can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease which causes infertility.

Mycoplasma genitalium is a bacterium that can cause inflammation of the urethra in men, and inflammation of the reproductive organs (womb and fallopian tubes) in women. Unfortunately, it becomes more resistant to different antibiotic drugs.

Because antibiotic resistance is a particular concern in treating MG infections, it is also important to be careful not to overuse antibiotics, and to use them as directed when they are necessary.

Although tests for MG have recently been developed, they are not available in all clinics yet.

Research carried out by BASHH, also published on 11 July 2018, has revealed that seven in ten sexual health experts around the country said that they could not afford the diagnostic test recommended by the guidelines, and only one in ten United Kingdom public health commissioners said they were making provisions for testing equipment in their 2019 budgets.

MG is spread by having sex without a condom with an infected person.

Most people who carry the MG infection have no symptoms - but are still able to pass it on to others.

"I think clinics should test for MG as part of their sexual health screening process, as this would have been picked up at the start for me".

"These new guidelines have been developed, because we can't afford to continue with the approach we have followed for the past 15 years as this will undoubtedly lead to a public health emergency with the emergence of MG as a superbug", said Paddy Horner, who co-wrote the guidelines.

"Everyone can protect themselves from STIs by consistently and correctly using condoms with new and casual partners", Dr. Helen Fifer, consultant microbiologist at Public Health England, said. "We call on the government urgently to this funding available and on sexual health experts to ensure they implement these new guidelines", she said, according to the Telegraph.

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