Abigail Eckhart is one parent who is refusing to vaccinate her youngest son because she said her middle child suffered severe reactions.
People who choose not to vaccinate their children are underestimating the dangers of the illness, said Melnick, who himself had measles as a child, before the vaccine was commonplace. Between one and three cases out of every 1,000 are fatal, he said.
Clark County, the heart of the measles outbreak, has a vaccination rate of only 84.5 percent for kindergarteners when it comes to the measles. "It's really terrible and really tragic and totally preventable". "Clearly this is going to cost hundreds of thousands of dollars, and it wouldn't surprise me if we were in the seven figures by the time we're done here", he said. "These costs could have been prevented if we had everybody vaccinated".
The State of Alaska warns that Alaskans who have visited various public places in Washington State and Portland, Oregon may be at risk of contracting measles if they aren't up-to-date on their Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccination. All school-age children, university students and those traveling out of the country and born on or after January 1, 1970 should have received two doses of measles-containing vaccine, as should health-care workers born on or after January 1, 1957. Most recent data available here.
According to the centre, children in B.C. receive two doses of measles-containing vaccine during routine immunization, with the first at 12 months of age and the second at four years of age or school entry. One dose is about 93 percent effective. Ninety percent of people exposed to measles who have not been vaccinated will get it, public health officials said. Because some people like to claim personal exemptions to getting the vaccine.
The virus, spread by coughing or sneezing, can remain in the air for up to two hours in an isolated space.
Thirty-five of the confirmed measles patients and all of the suspected cases are located in Clark County.
"Two weeks after the exposure you might see some cases, and those people who got sick are exposing other people".
People are contagious with measles for up to four days before and up to four days after the rash appears.
"We know that 31 of the cases so far are in un-immunized people, and these are people who are in the age-range that immunization is recommended". Serious complications such pneumonia and brain infections can arise from the disease in some cases. The symptoms include fever, dry cough, runny nose, sore throat, conjunctivitis, tiny white spots with bluish-white centers on a red background inside the inner linking of the cheek, and a skin rash.