Total lunar eclipse: Super Wolf Blood Moon visible in the Netherlands

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Sunlight passing around the outer surface of the Earth is filtered by particles in the atmosphere, casting the blood moon glow of total lunar eclipses. Since this is the day before Martin Luther King Day, many children will not have school the next day and can stay up to enjoy the celestial spectacle with their families.

"Super Moon" - a full moon that appears bigger than normal because it's at its closest point to Earth during its orbit.

The only total lunar eclipse of 2019, it gets underway Sunday just after 9:30 p.m., according to NASA. "Lunar eclipses. reflect our world", astronomer and podcaster Pamela Gay told Space.com in an email.

If you're hungry for the eerie sight of a total lunar eclipse, you have to keep the weather in mind. And if you can wait another two years after that, there's a North American total solar eclipse to look forward to in 2024.

Depending on where you are in the country, the moon might "turn a copper-orange-reddish color", according to a January 7 article Forbes magazine.

This map shows locations worldwide from which the January 20 total lunar eclipse is visible, weather permitting. In any case, this is where the "Super" in "Super Blood Wolf Moon" comes from. The reason there's any color to the eclipse - or to sunsets and sunrises, for that matter - is because red light makes it through our atmosphere better than blue light, and the light cast on the moon during an eclipse is light that's peeking around the edges of the Earth through our atmosphere.

Andy Clark took this image of a lunar eclipse over Ashford in 2015. Most, however, are less-than-ideal affairs in which just a fraction of the moon encounters the Earth's deepest shadow (or "umbra") or instead traverses in whole or in part the "penumbra"-a softer shadow that surrounds the umbra like a nebulous halo". And you'll see that nice red color as the moon goes into the total eclipse. "Front row center" belongs to those who live near and along the U.S. East Coast, where the totally eclipsed moon will climb to extraordinary heights.

Sunday night's show starts with the full moon, which rises at 5:33 p.m. Sunday and sets Monday at 7:39 a.m.

Over time, monthly full moons have acquired different names. The last time New Yorkers could gaze so high at a totally eclipsed moon was in 1797, when John Adams was president; the next opportunity won't come until 2113. For the next hour, the moon will dim slightly.

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