The study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, was created to test the effectiveness of refillable e-cigarettes alongside a range of standard therapies to help people give up smoking, including nicotine patches, chewing gum, lozenges, inhalators and sprays.
Most experts agree the vapor is less harmful than cigarette smoke since it doesn't contain most of the cancer-causing byproducts of burning tobacco.
These low-risk teens don't drink or do drugs, show little affinity for frightening or exciting things, don't have much interest in trends, aren't curious about smoking and would turn down a cigarette if offered one by a friend, said senior researcher Andrew Stokes.
For now, Borelli added, "the best way to quit smoking right now is to use FDA-approved evidence-based treatment as a first-line choice".
"This is now likely to change".
"Although a large number of smokers report that they have quit smoking successfully with the help of e-cigarettes, health professionals have been reluctant to recommend their use because of the lack of clear evidence from randomised controlled trials".
18pc of e-cigarette users had abandoned their habit after a year in a study of over 900 people.
BLF medical director Dr Nick Hopkinson said: "The research shows how important it is that everyone who wants to quit smoking using an e-cigarette or another method can access counselling and support from a specialist stop smoking service".
FRIDAY, Feb. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) - The kind of teenager least interested in smoking appears to be the type most likely to try a cigarette after they experiment with vaping, a new study indicates. Federal law prohibits sales to those under 18, but 1 in 5 high school students reported vaping previous year, according to a government survey. Also, doctors should have a clear timeline for stopping e-cigarette use.
Electronic cigarettes, which have been available in the US since about 2007 and have grown into a $6.6 billion-a-year industry, are battery-powered devices that typically heat a flavored nicotine solution into an inhalable vapor.
Another concern is vaping's popularity with youths, as America grapples with a 78 percent surge in e-cigarette use among high school students from 2017-2018, which the US Surgeon General has described as an "epidemic".
In the end, study results suggested that "e-cigarettes would nearly double your chances of quitting at one year compared to nicotine replacement [products]", she reported.
Only 10 per cent of those who tried nicotine patches, gum or sprays managed to quit - along with just three per cent of those who attempted to give up smoking unaided.
While nicotine plays a part, Stokes thinks the influence of vaping is "more complex than just nicotine".
But Jordt noted that newer devices like the Juul pod have only recently arrived in the UK. The finding that e-cigarettes are nearly twice as effective as NRTs is similar to the results of a survey that health psychologist Robert West and his colleagues conducted several years ago. Any benefit of e-cigarettes depends on the individual product and how it is used, he said.
Because the PATH study data was observational, the researchers admitted their analysis is unable to "establish causal relations or rule out the possibility of residual confounding by underlying risk-taking propensities". "And in the absence of FDA regulation, a consumer has no way of knowing if the product they are using has the potential to help them or not". The other was given an e-cigarette starter kit, complete with a few bottles of e-juice, and those people were encouraged to keep vaping.
By the one- and four-week point, people given e-cigarettes were less likely to feel a severe urge to smoke. "I still wanted a cigarette afterward".