It will be the first time VAR has been used at the tournament, having made its debut in the men's World Cup past year in Russian Federation.
UEFA, European football's governing body, is unlikely to fight Infantino's plans at Friday's council, with the proposal expected to be passed on to a further meeting ahead of June's congress.
"We know the current form doesn't work", FIFA Vice President Victor Montagliani told the AP.
The Club World Cup would be held June 17-July 4, while the African Cup of Nations and CONCACAF Gold Cup could be played July 5-July 31.
The committee said it will determine whether moving to a 48-team World Cup will be a viable option and will be in the "best interests of football".
"What is clear is that if we were to increase to 48 teams, and we will decide this in June, then some games would have to be hosted by some neighboring countries of Qatar". We can not just take [a] simple decision.
"I think if football can contribute to open up some doors and to make people meet and discuss with each other", Infantino said, "we will not solve all the problems of the world but maybe we'll get a little step closer in at least starting to understand each other a bit".
UEFA, European football's governing body, later said it had a duty to protect the health of players and that its members of the FIFA Council had unanimously voted against the proposal.
"I am feeling very positive from the discussions and I am sure that at the end we will be very happy", he said.
It said: "We wish to restate the position of ECA: (a) ECA is unwilling to consider any new or significantly revised competition prior to a holistic assessment of the IMC post-2024 being conducted and an agreement as to its underlying principles being reached; and (b) in any event, a Club World Cup in June 2021, as proposed by Federation Internationale de Football Association, is not acceptable in light of the existing competitions and the IMC, which is fixed until 2024".
It would be played during the current global window reserved for the Confederations Cup, which would be scrapped.
Following Infantino's announcement, a spokesperson for the ECA said: "ECA clubs will not participate in 2021 CWC and will assess participation in editions of the competition post-2024".
VAR, which made its debut at the 2018 World Cup in Russian Federation, will now be deployed for the women's tournament which kicks off in June in France.