The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has confirmed that the number of measles cases in the nationwide outbreak has hit 704. In 1912, according to the CDC, "measles became a nationally notifiable disease in the United States, requiring US healthcare providers and laboratories to report all diagnosed cases".
- The largest outbreaks are concentrated in Orthodox Jewish communities in New York City's Williamsburg neighborhood, where some 390 cases have been confirmed, and Rockland County north of New York City, which has recorded 201 cases.
She said she was aware of groups of people in the neighbourhood who were against vaccinations but she didn't know them personally. In that year, 220 cases of measles were reported, according to the CDC.
"Vaccine preventable diseases belong in the history books, not in our emergency rooms", Azar said.
A warning has been issued after an 11-year-old from Auckland, who attended a popular hot springs in Northland, has been diagnosed with measles.
This area has been described by authorities as the "epicenter" of New York's measles outbreak.
"It's important that parents ensure that their children receive their free routine MMR immunisations on time at 15 months and 4 years of age", said Shoemack.
The CDC and Health and Human Services are holding a conference call with reporters on Monday to discuss the latest findings. The CDC is also reporting a 300% increase in measles cases worldwide, as declining vaccination rates due to misinformation and propaganda make matters worse.
"Over 90% of the measles cases that have occurred in the USA have occurred in unvaccinated persons", says Dr. William Schaffner, a professor of preventive medicine and infectious diseases at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.
While vaccines are required for school children across the country, nearly all states allow exemptions for families who say it's against their religious beliefs, and 17 states allow a parent to opt out for philosophical or personal reasons.
More than 700 cases of measles have been confirmed in the US - and four of them are in Maryland.
In the past, one dose was given to kids, compared to the recommended two shots given to children today.
Measles is highly contagious; it can be spread through coughing and sneezing, among other things, with symptoms appearing a couple weeks after exposure.
People vaccinated in the United States since 1989 would most likely have received two doses of the combined measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) shot under federal guidelines, and that is still considered the standard for protection.
As many as one out of every 20 children with measles gets pneumonia, the most common cause of death from measles in young children.
Last week, President Trump urged Americans to get vaccinated, changing course from remarks he made in 2014 when he voiced doubt about giving children government-recommended doses of vaccines. As both the CDC and Piltch-Loeb explain, the absolute best way to protect yourself, and those around you, from contracting measles is to get vaccinated.