In 1998, an extensively debunked concern about a link between the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism led to lower vaccine coverage in the United Kingdom, causing larger and more frequent measles outbreaks. After the introduction of 2 MMR dose during 1989 these three diseases started witnessing rapid decline and in within a few years' mumps cases decreased by almost 99 % with just a few hundred cases reported.
This is the highest number of measles in the state since 1991 when 65 cases were reported. "By getting vaccinated, we protect ourselves individually, and also help protect the public from measles".
"If you have not had 2 MMR vaccines or do not know your measles vaccination status, now is the time to get an MMR vaccine to protect you and others around you from the disease", Dr Vicki Krause, Director at the Centre for Disease Control (CDC), said. A second vaccine dose is given before the start of kindergarten, between ages 4 and 6 years.A measles outbreak in Michigan, which began in mid-March, has resulted in 42 cases in Southeast Michigan. The last similar instance occurred during a bad outbreak in Philadelphia in the early 1990s, when the city recorded more than 900 cases, majority members of two fundamentalist church groups that did not accept vaccination or other kinds of modern medical care.
The website says that this figure is mostly likely to much higher due to underreporting as it does not have details of remote villages.
Elsewhere in the world, however, measles cases are still occurring. This is defined as no sustained transmission for more than 12 months. But some parents need more information on when, where, how and why their child should be vaccinated. They then spread the disease to others who aren't immune.
Although most people will recover from it, about one in four with measles with be hospitalized and one or two in 1,000 will die of the disease.
Simon Stevens, chief executive of NHS England, said that vaccine deniers - known as antivaxxers - are risking a "public health timebomb".
"The only way to prevent measles reliably is to get vaccinated", she added.
To put it in perspective, in 2018 there were 372 cases, less than half the reported cases in just the first five months of 2019.
"Introducing compulsory vaccination in this country might reduce the very high level of trust that people have in the NHS and prove counterproductive".