The more the sexual partners you have, the higher your risk of attracting HIV. The results confirm the assumption of many researchers that HIV-positive people, is to be found in their blood, thanks to the treatment, no Virus, not contagious. Specialists pursued 1,000 gay male couples from Europe who had intercourse without condom use over an eight-year time span.
In the end, 782 couples were followed for nearly 1,600 eligible couple-years of follow-up which included more than 76,000 reports of condomless sex.
Its findings add to an earlier phase of the study which looked at HIV transmission risk for serodifferent heterosexual couples in the same circumstances.
"This message has been endorsed by more than 780 HIV organizations in 96 countries and can help end the HIV pandemic by preventing HIV transmission, and tackling the stigma and discrimination that many people with HIV face", she added.
The study was conducted by a team of investigators, in collaboration with the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, and used population-based HIV surveillance data to understand if the timeliness of HIV diagnosis and antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation improved since "universal treatment" was first recommended. The risk of infection for homosexuals is equal to zero, as long as the HIV-infected sex partners, engaging consistently the appropriate medication and the viral load in the body was in effect very low.
Although 15 men were infected with HIV during the course of the study, DNA testing proved that all infections occurred through sex with someone other than their partner who was not on treatment.
"To reach the monumental goal of ending the HIV epidemic, it is important to continue to expand and target HIV testing in order to achieve earlier diagnosis and treatment for people with undiagnosed HIV infection", said McKaylee Robertson, the study's lead author and an epidemiology doctoral student at the CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy.
The researchers are now thrilled to report that there were zero cases of infection amongst the couples, regardless of the amount of sexual contact.
Therefore you should do yourself a favor and limit your sexual partners to one who is trusted. Most recently, a group of scientists confirmed that a now available drug can help in stopping the transmission of the virus and more experts are praising this progress. "It will make a great difference when you can't transmit the virus to your partner", Dr Mugo said. "We think this is vital to addressing stigma".
Dr Ford Hickson, from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, said the study confirmed that if people suppress their HIV with antiretroviral therapy, they "cannot pass their virus to other people during sex, whatever kind of sex they have".